Sugarloaf Mountain and Breakneck Ridge Trail


This loop hike steeply climbs to several panoramic viewpoints over the Hudson River, gaining a total of about 2,000 feet in elevation.

5 hours
6 miles
Route Type:
Allowed on leash
Views, Public Transportation
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First Published:
Daniel Chazin


In Hudson Highlands State Park. Photo by Daniel Chazin.


View Breakneck in a larger map

Trail Conference volunteers maintain trails in this park.
Trailhead GPS Coordinates
41.448026, -73.980335
Driving Directions

Take the Palisades Interstate Parkway to its northern terminus at the Bear Mountain Bridge. Cross the bridge and proceed north on Route 9D for about 8.5 miles to the Village of Cold Spring. Continue ahead on Route 9D for another two miles (beyond the intersection with Route 301in Cold Spring) and pass through a tunnel under Breakneck Ridge. Proceed for another 0.3 mile and park in a small parking area on the right (east) side of the road, just before a small blue "adopt a highway" sign.


Take the Metro-North Hudson Line to the Cold Spring station and walk north on Route 9D to the trailhead. On weekends and holidays, two trains in the morning stop at the Breakneck Ridge station, a short distance north of the trailhead. Find link for info here



At the parking area, you'll see a triple-yellow blaze that marks the start of the Wilkinson Memorial Trail, which you will follow for the first half of the hike. The trail begins to climb on a winding woods road, passing a stone foundation to the right. After about a third of a mile, the trail briefly leaves the road to cross a stream. The climb back to the road is rather steep, but the grade moderates when the trail turns left and rejoins the road.

Half a mile from the start, the red-on-white-blazed Breakneck Bypass Trail begins to the right. This will be your return route, but for now, continue ahead on the yellow-blazed Wilkinson Memorial Trail, which soon turns left and descends slightly to cross a stream.

The trail now begins to climb Sugarloaf Mountain on switchbacks. After a steep section, the grade moderates, but the last part of the ascent is a very steep climb over rocks. At the top of the climb, you will emerge at an open area on the south end of the summit ridge. A single cedar tree and a gnarled dead tree overlooking the river mark this spot; you'll want to pause, rest from the steep climb and enjoy the spectacular view!

Storm King Mountain (marked by the highway gash across its face) is across the river to the left, with Schunemunk Mountain in the distance to its right. To the south is Breakneck Ridge, and the fascinating Bannerman's Castle on Pollepel Island is visible directly below (for more information, go to

Continue along the trail, which heads north along the summit ridge, climbing a little and then descending to another viewpoint. This one looks north along the river, with Dennings Point visible in the foreground, the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge beyond, and the city of Newburgh on the west bank of the river. From this second viewpoint, the trail continues to descend - first steeply on an eroded footpath, then more gradually.

Near the base of the descent, the trail briefly turns right onto a woods road, then immediately left. It soon levels off in a wooded area that was once farmed, passing a moss-covered stone foundation at the lowest point. After crossing another woods road and several seasonal streams, the trail bears right and begins to parallel the aptly-named Cascade Brook, climbing steadily but gently.

In about a third of a mile, the trail turns left, crosses the brook and a woods road, and begins a much steeper climb. On the way up, it comes out on open rocks, with the highest point on Breakneck Ridge visible to the right. Soon afterwards, the trail levels off along a minor ridge, then climbs steeply to another viewpoint (just to the left of the trail) at the summit. The elevation here is 1,220 feet, and this is the highest point you'll reach on this hike. From here, you can see the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge, Dennings Point and the city of Beacon (on the east side of the river).<

As you descend from the summit, you'll pass another viewpoint over the river and soon reach a junction with a woods road. Turn right, leaving the yellow-blazed Wilkinson Memorial Trail, and follow the blue-blazed Notch Trail. In a short distance, you'll come to another trail junction, where you should again turn right, now following the joint route of the blue-blazed Notch Trail and the white-blazed Breakneck Ridge Trail.

Continue to follow the joint Notch/Breakneck Ridge Trail (white and blue blazes) for over a mile. For most of the way, the trail is relatively level, although there are some ups and downs.
After about a mile, the trail makes several short but steep descents, then begins a steady, steep climb. On the way up, the blue-blazed Notch Trail branches off to the left, and you should continue to follow the white-blazed Breakneck Ridge Trail. A short distance beyond the junction, there is a view over Surprise Lake (and the youth camp located along the lake) from open rocks to the left of the trail.

At the top of the climb, you'll reach a 360-degree viewpoint - perhaps the most panoramic of the entire hike. You can see both north and south along the Hudson River (with the eastern section of Breakneck Ridge blocking the view in between), Bull Hill to the southeast, and Surprise Lake to the northeast.

The trail descends very steeply from the summit, then levels off. Keep a lookout for three red-on-white blazes on a large boulder to the right of the trail. These blazes mark the start of the Breakneck Bypass Trail (blazed with both red and red-on-white markings).

Turn right, leaving the Breakneck Ridge Trail, and follow the Breakneck Bypass Trail, which climbs a small rise. As you descend from the rise, watch carefully for a sharp left turn in the trail after 100 feet, marked with a double blaze on a rock and on a nearby tree.

Soon, you'll reach a viewpoint to the right of the trail, looking northeast over Sugarloaf Mountain, with the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge in the distance. This is the mountain that you climbed at the start of the hike, and you can even recognize the single cedar tree at the summit viewpoint! Continue to descend along an eroded woods road, with the trail having been rerouted to the left to avoid some badly eroded sections. After turning sharply right and leaving the road, the trail climbs slightly to another view of Sugarloaf Mountain - this one, at a closer range.

From this final viewpoint of the hike, the Breakneck Bypass Trail descends - first steeply, then more gradually - and it ends at a junction with the yellow-blazed Wilkinson Memorial Trail. Turn left and retrace your steps, descending along the Wilkinson Memorial Trail for half a mile to your car on Route 9D.

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Timber Rattlers on Breack Neck

They are all over the East Highland trials and Doddletown also.  They are to  be avoided.  This article will make you think twice about a close encounter:

5-26-2012 - Timber Rattesnake sighting - Yellow Trail

For all hikers on breackneck Ridge and Sugarloaf Mountain: On the yellow trail halfway between red and blue intersections, on the sugarloaf mountain side (past the famous dead tree overlooking the Hudson), i had a very close encounter with what i now know to be a Timber Rattlesnake, about 4 ft in length.  It was perfectly still in the grass, yellow in color dark stripes with a nice size rattle.  It did not threaten me or my dog, but please understand these are rare snakes, threatened species in NY and should be taken very seriously.  Venomous snakes should not be handled or disturbed.  I nearly walked right into it, and my dog thankfully cruised right by it without noticing thankfully.  I have some incredible pictures as I had my SLR with me. There are only 200 of these snakes in NY according to web sites and DEP accounts.  Be on the lookout, and never disturb them. 

5-26-2012 - Timber Rattesnake sighting - Yellow Trail

It would be great if you could post a link to your pictures.

Just did this hike yesterday

With two german shepherds.  No scrambles though some rocky spots.  I believe I used my hands just once in going down along the white trail.  We took only 3.5 hours to do it (versus the 5 hours noted above), but we are fast and since I was hiking alone with the dogs didn't sit around too much despite taking alot of photos.  In my opinion it's a more moderate route though longer route to the second knob of Breakneck than the route up the undercliff trail from Bull Hill/Mt Taurus (if you go past the red bypass trail you'll reach the second knob, and you can go back to the red to get back to the Wilkinson trail).  Plus you're directly above the Bannerman Castle along the top of Sugarloaf.

Any real scrambling?

Sounds beautiful but seems from the description as if there's no real ands-and-feet scrambling, like there is on Breakneck Ridge hike. Am i correct?