Wawayanda State Park, located in northern New Jersey, encompasses 35,000 acres from eastern Sussex County to northern Passaic County. This sprawling park is home to Terrace Pond, a glacial lake situated at almost 1,400 feet. Here you can see the threatened and endangered: red-shouldered hawk, barred owl, and great blue heron. This region is rich in iron history: You’ll find a furnace from the...
Wawayanda State Park, located in northern New Jersey, encompasses 35,000 acres from eastern Sussex County to northern Passaic County. This sprawling park is home to Terrace Pond, a glacial lake situated at almost 1,400 feet. Here you can see the threatened and endangered: red-shouldered hawk, barred owl, and great blue heron. This region is rich in iron history: You’ll find a furnace from the 1840s and remnants of the iron mining village that used to thrive here. Wawayanda was primarily a smelting site, and Bearfort Mountain was the source for trees to make charcoal to fire the forge. (While not close to this hike, the forge can be found in the main park area.) A very remote and wild area, there are frequent sightings of creatures ranging from red efts to wild turkeys to black bear around Terrace Pond.
For this hike leaving from Warwick Turnpike, start by climbing up through a rhododendron tunnel on the blue-on-black blazed Terrace Pond North Spur Trail. Over the course of this loop, you will make your way through mixed-oak hardwood forest and scrub oak forest, and over rocky terrain. Walk 1 mile to the triple blue blaze indicating the start of the Terrace Pond North Loop. Bear right to follow this trail. After passing a lovely view of Greenwood Lake, you will reach the Tennessee Gas Pipeline. Cross the buried pipeline, but take a second to admire the view provided by the clearing.
From here, the trail will turn left, and you should continue to follow it until you encounter the white blazes of the Terrace Pond Circular Trail. Once at the white blazes, turn right to follow them around Terrace Pond. Shortly after turning right you’ll come to a floating walkway. The West Jersey Crew turned what used to be a knee-deep mud pit into this 120-foot crossing. Continuing on the white trail, you’ll get grand views of the pond, which can be the perfect point for a scenic lunch or snack break! After you’ve made your way around the pond, meet back up with the blue trail. At this intersection, depart from the white trail and follow blue to the right and away from the pond.
Continuing along blue, you’ll make your way down a woods road for a stretch. Once you’ve departed from the woods road you’ll encounter a small swamp on your left. Pause here to listen for bullfrogs! You’ll come to a big intersection marked by a tree with old pipe remnants lodged in it. From here, head straight to follow the blue trail. Over this stretch you’ll walk parallel to the Pinecliff Reservoir, although it won’t be visible. Walking along this spongy stretch of trail, you’ll eventually run into a small stream—use stones to find your way across it. Continue making your way back through hemlock groves, and past a few panoramic views. You’ll find the gas pipeline again, and this time you’ll follow the blue trail across it back down into the woods. After a short stretch you’ll meet back up with the blue-on-black connector trail, which you’ll follow back to Warwick Turnpike.Publication: Submitted by amber.ray on 09/25/2020
The Terrace Pond North Loop from Warwick Turnpike features rocky terrain, mixed-oak hardwood forest and scrub oak forest, the lovely namesake pond, hemlock groves, and excellent views. It showcases some creative solution-finding on the part of Trail Conference volunteers, supporters, and partners—including a newly reconfigured trail loop system that makes navigation a little easier for visitors, and a floating walkway to keep feet dry for decades to come.
Whether you are going for a day hike or backpacking overnight, it is good practice to carry what we call The Hiking Essentials. These essentials will help you enjoy your outing more and will provide basic safety gear if needed. There may also be more essentials, depending on the season and your needs.
Hiking Shoes or Boots
Water - Two quarts per person is recommended in every season. Keep in mind that fluid loss is heightened in winter as well as summer. Don't put yourself in the position of having to end your hike early because you have run out of water.
Map - Know where you are and where you are going. Many of our hiking areas feature interconnecting network of trails. Use a waterproof/tear-resistant Tyvek Trail Conference map if available or enclose your map in a Ziplock plastic bag. If you have a mobile device, download Avenza’s free PDF Maps app and grab some GPS-enhanced Trail Conference maps (a backup Tyvek or paper version of the map is good to have just in case your batteries die or you don't have service). Check out some map-reading basics here.
Food - Snacks/lunch will keep you going as you burn energy walking or climbing. Nuts, seeds, and chocolate are favorites on the trail.
Sunscreen and insect repellent
Rain Gear and Extra Clothing - Rain happens. So does cold. Be prepared for changing weather. Avoid cotton--it traps water against your skin and is slow to dry. If you are wearing wet cotton and must return to your starting point, you risk getting chills that may lead to a dangerous hypothermia. Choose synthetic shirts, sweaters and/or vests and dress in layers for easy on and off.
Compass - A simple compass is all you need to orient you and your map to magnetic north.
Light - A flashlight or small, lightweight headlamp will be welcome gear if you find yourself still on the trail when darkness falls. Check the batteries before you start out and have extras in your pack.
First Aid Kit - Keep it simple, compact, and weatherproof. Know how to use the basic components.
Firestarter and Matches - In an emergency, you may need to keep yourself or someone else warm until help arrives. A firestarter (this could be as simple as leftover birthday candles that are kept inside a waterproof container) and matches (again, make sure to keep them in a waterproof container) could save a life.
Knife or Multi-tool - You may need to cut a piece of moleskin to put over a blister, repair a piece of broken equipment, or solve some other unexpected problem.
Emergency Numbers - Know the emergency numbers for the area you're going to and realize that in many locations--especially mountainous ones, your phone will not get reception.
Common Sense - Pay attention to your environment, your energy, and the condition of your companions. Has the weather turned rainy? Is daylight fading? Did you drink all your water? Did your companion fail to bring rain gear? Are you getting tired? Keep in mind that until you turn around you are (typically) only half-way to completing your hike--you must still get back to where you started from! (Exceptions are loop hikes.)
Check the weather forecast before you head out. Know the rules and regulations of the area.
The Leave No Trace Seven Principles
- Know the regulations and special concerns for the area you'll visit.
- Prepare for extreme weather, hazards, and emergencies.
- Schedule your trip to avoid times of high use.
- Visit in small groups when possible. Consider splitting larger groups into smaller groups.
- Repackage food to minimize waste.
- Use a map and compass to eliminate the use of marking paint, rock cairns or flagging.
- Durable surfaces include established trails and campsites, rock, gravel, dry grasses or snow.
- Protect riparian areas by camping at least 200 feet from lakes and streams.
- Good campsites are found, not made. Altering a site is not necessary.
- In popular areas:
- Concentrate use on existing trails and campsites.
- Walk single file in the middle of the trail, even when wet or muddy.
- Keep campsites small. Focus activity in areas where vegetation is absent.
- In pristine areas:
- Disperse use to prevent the creation of campsites and trails.
- Avoid places where impacts are just beginning.
- Pack it in, pack it out. Inspect your campsite and rest areas for trash or spilled foods. Pack out all trash, leftover food and litter.
- Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug 6 to 8 inches deep, at least 200 feet from water, camp and trails. Cover and disguise the cathole when finished.
- Pack out toilet paper and hygiene products.
- To wash yourself or your dishes, carry water 200 feet away from streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap. Scatter strained dishwater.
- Preserve the past: examine, but do not touch cultural or historic structures and artifacts.
- Leave rocks, plants and other natural objects as you find them.
- Avoid introducing or transporting non-native species.
- Do not build structures, furniture, or dig trenches.
- Campfires can cause lasting impacts to the backcountry. Use a lightweight stove for cooking and enjoy a candle lantern for light.
- Where fires are permitted, use established fire rings, fire pans, or mound fires.
- Keep fires small. Only use sticks from the ground that can be broken by hand.
- Burn all wood and coals to ash, put out campfires completely, then scatter cool ashes.
- Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them.
- Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behaviors, and exposes them to predators and other dangers.
- Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely.
- Control pets at all times, or leave them at home.
- Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.
- Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience.
- Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail.
- Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock.
- Take breaks and camp away from trails and other visitors.
- Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.
The Trail Conference is a 2015 Leave No Trace partner.
(c) Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics: www.LNT.org.