Bear Mountain Loop via Major Welch Trail and Appalachian Trail


This loop hike climbs Bear Mountain on the Major Welch Trail and descends on the Appalachian Trail, passing a number of panoramic viewpoints.

3 hours
4 miles
Route Type:
Allowed on leash
Orange, Rockland
First Published:

Daniel Chazin


Hudson River and Iona Island from the Scenic Drive. Photo by Daniel Chazin.


View Bear Mountain Inn parking in a larger map

Trail Conference volunteers maintain trails in this park.
Trailhead GPS Coordinates
Driving Directions

Take the Palisades Interstate Parkway to its northern terminus at the Bear Mountain Circle. Proceed south on US 9W for 0.4 mile, then bear right at the traffic light and follow the ramp to the Bear Mountain Inn. Park in the large parking lot adjacent to the Inn. A parking fee is charged on weekends year-round, and daily from Memorial Day to Labor Day.

Take the Short Line bus from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City to Bear Mountain.  For schedule and fare information, go to

Anthony's Nose from the Major Welch Trail along Hessian Lake. Photo by Daniel Chazin.From the parking area, proceed west (towards the mountain) on a paved path that runs along the south side of the Bear Mountain Inn. About 400 feet beyond the Inn, you’ll reach a junction of paved paths, marked by a trail sign. Turn right and follow the red-circle-on-white-blazed Major Welch Trail (named after the park’s first General Manager, who was instrumental in creating the extensive hiking trail system in Harriman-Bear Mountain Parks). The Major Welch Trail proceeds north along a relatively level paved path, following the western shore of Hessian Lake and passing views of Anthony’s Nose (across the river) and a tower of the Bear Mountain Bridge.

In about half a mile, near the northern end of the lake, the trail bears left (at a sign for the New York State Environmental Protection Fund) and climbs stone steps. Soon the trail levels off, then climbs more gradually on a rocky footpath. After passing a water tank, above on the left, the trail descends slightly on a dirt road, then bears left and continues on a relatively level (but very rocky) footpath through dense mountain laurel. If there are no leaves on the trees, you may notice, below to the right, the flat-roofed Overlook Lodge, part of the Bear Mountain Inn complex.Steps between switchbacks. Photo by Daniel Chazin.

In another 0.3 mile, the trail bears left and resumes its climb of Bear Mountain. The ascent soon steepens, with the trail following a rocky footpath through mountain laurel. In a short distance, the trail turns left onto a well-graded footpath, with stone steps. This beautiful new trail section was constructed in the spring of 2013 by the Jolly Rovers volunteer trail crew of the Trail Conference, together with AmeriCorps interns and professional trail builders. In about 600 feet, the trail climbs a long flight of narrow stone steps wedged between large rocks and turns right at a large boulder, switching back towards the west.

At the end of the relocated trail section, the Major Welch Trail turns left and begins to climb several rock outcrops surrounded by mountain laurel. It then climbs a long rock outcrop studded with pitch pines, which affords a panoramic north-facing view. AfNorth from the climb up the Major Welch Trail. Photo by Daniel Chazin.ter climbing a little further, the trail emerges onto another rock outcrop with an even broader view, including the Hudson River. Brooks Lake is visible directly ahead, and the Bear Mountain Bridge is on the right, with Anthony’s Nose behind it. This is a good place to take a break from the strenuous climb.

The trail continues ahead, briefly leveling off but soon resuming its ascent. Soon, you’ll climb stone steps and reach the paved Perkins Drive – an auto route to the top of Bear Mountain. Follow the trail as it crosses the road diagonally to the left, climbs stone steps, and continues to climb over more rock outcrops through mountain laurel.

After climbing another 150 vertical feet, you’ll reach a T-intersection with a well-graded gravel path. A blue-blazed trail begins on the right, but you should turn left to continue on the Major Welch Trail. This handicapped-accessible trail section, opened in 2011, was skillfully constructed by a team of experienced professional trail builders to blend into the environment while making it possible for all users to enjoy a hiking experience.

At the next intersection, turn left again, now joining the white-blazed Appalachian Trail, which runs concurrently with the Major Welch Trail, following a level path across the summit ridge of Bear Mountain. In 0.2 mile, you’ll pass a massive boulder on the left. Atop the boulder are the concrete foundations of a former fire tower (replaced in 1934 by the Perkins Memorial Tower).

South view from summit. Photo by Daniel Chazin.Just beyond, the trail crosses the paved loop road around the summit and reaches the Perkins Memorial Tower (the Major Welch Trail ends here). Built to honor the memory of George W. Perkins, the first President of the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, the tower contains informative exhibits. Continue past the tower, recrossing the paved loop road, and proceed ahead to a broad south-facing viewpoint, with Dunderberg Mountain jutting into the Hudson River to the left. Several rustic benches have been placed in this area for hikers to rest. After enjoying the view and taking a break, head back towards the tower, but bear right at a fork in the path. Directly ahead, on a rock, you’ll notice a plaque placed to commemorate the service of Joseph Bartha as Trails Chairman of the New York-New Jersey Trail Conference from 1940 to 1955.

Bear right at the plaque and descend along the white-blazed Appalachian Trail, which soon levels off and begins to run along an old, rusted water pipeline atop a rock embankment. A short distance beyond, the trail crosses the paved Scenic Drive – a dead-end extension of Perkins Drive, which once continued down the mountain but was cut off by the construction of the Parkway in the 1950s. Soon, the trail recrosses the Scenic Drive and continues to descend, with views directly below over the Hudson River and Iona Island.

About half a mile from the summit of Bear Mountain, the Appalachian Trail reaches the Scenic Drive for the third time. Here, it turns right and follows along the paved road, with excellent views of the Hudson River and Iona Island below. At the dead-end turnaround of the Scenic Drive, the trail continues ahead along the blocked-off paved road for 150 feet, then turns left into the woods and descends (the turn is marked by an arrow pointing to the "inn").

Spectacular Stone Steps. Photo by Daniel Chazin.You now are following a spectacular trail section, opened in 2010, that was built over a five-year period by professional trail builders along with Trail Conference volunteers. You’ll traverse over 800 hand-hewn stone steps, supported in places by stone crib walls.

In three-quarters of a mile, after passing a seasonal waterfall on the left, the trail curves to the left and reaches a panoramic viewpoint over Iona Island and the Hudson River. After descending a little further, it crosses a 28-foot-long wooden bridge and begins to descend more steeply on stone steps.

Towards the base of the descent, you’ll come to a junction where a blue-blazed side trail begins on the right. Bear left (following an arrow pointing to the "inn") and continue to follow the Appalachian Trail, which descends more gradually. After passing a stone building known as the Spider Hill House on the right, the Appalachian Trail reaches the trail junction behind the Bear Mountain Inn. Continue ahead past the Inn and retrace your steps to the parking area where the hike began.


Comment: Please be relevant, civil, non-commercial.

Sept 2016 Hike

My husband and I completed this hike in 2 1/2 hrs. Quite enjoyable. I'd say the first half is a bit strenuous but the trip down is not strenuous at all. Several pretty look-out points. Very popular trail - Lots of people, dogs, children on the trail.

Great hike!

Great descriptions above and a pretty well marked trail. A few hiccups on the vertical acesnt where you can't readily see a trail marker but not that big a deal. That 1.5 climb is no joke if your not in shape but me and the 12 year olds I was with had no problems. I wouldn't want to go up or down it if it was wet out though. Most of the rest of the trail is very very well maintained and an easy walk, especially on the back end on the AT trail with the hand hewn stone steps. The tower was nice also and the kids got to go to the top. It still aggrevates me though how some people still insist on littering!   

So only two trail markers?

I'm taking this hike I think with two boys and based on what I've read I only need to look for 2 trail markers, red-circle-on-white-blazed Major Welch Trail and the white App trail? Can you confirm please? 

Only two Trail Markers-Major Welch and Appalachian Trails

The short answer is yes, only two styles of markers for a loop utilizing the Major Welch Trail with the red ring on white markers and the 2"x6" white rectangles for the Appalachian Trail (AT for short). However, at the top of the mountain it can get confusing. For instance, starting behind the Bear Mountain Inn, you could take a right and follow red circles to the mountain top. You will reach a smooth path where the AT will go both directions but the red rings will go with it in the direction that would be better to take and is less confusing.  If instead you start at the same place behind the inn and want to do the loop clockwise, follow just the white blazes and at the parking area loop near to the Perkins Tower, you will encounter the red rings along with the AT to continue past the tower.  From there continue to follow the trail with both red rings and white blazes until the Major Welch Trail with the Red Rings turns off sharply right and very soon heads down hill and will lead you back to the beginning. I recommend the first option because  climbing up the rock outcrops, that can be somewhat challenging, is safer than coming down them. A map would be helpful.  

Thank you.) AAnd from there i

Thank you.) AAnd from there i can start hiking?

Hike begins at the Bear Mountain Inn

That's where the bus leaves you off.


Plese advise how to get there by public transportation.

Public transportation to Bear Mountain

You can take the Short Line bus,, to Bear Mountain.

accurate description

Hiked this today. The updated description is quite accurate. The trail is well marked and you shouldn't have any problem following it. It took me about 2hrs and 10 mins with a 15 min break at the top -- and I am not in particularly good shape. By the time I got there -- around 4.30 pm on a friday -- Perkins tower was closed to visitors.

It is accurate

Dan Chazin does a fabulous job with his hike descriptions.  I would, however, say that the western side of Hessian lake is not relatively level, having 2 short but quite steep rises on the paved path before the left turn up the mountain.

octoberfest escape...

have been hiking around here many years now but never made the trip up bear mountain before. picked the wrong day, really, as with the octoberfest in full swing the parking lot was close to full and everything over-run. the crowds on the trail thinned significantly as we turned left into the woods, and this continued as others turned back in the face of the steep climbing. what a great trail! really enjoyed the Major Welch which is a fun climb over sheer rock with many excellent views to the north. spent some time exploring the trails and the tower at the top. those who took the time to make the trails here handicap accessible would be pleased that their effort was worth while; we was a family with a wheelchair-bound kid up at one of the overlooks enjoying the view. We marveled at the effort that has gone into the trail down from scenic drive... a true labor of love. Back at the car, my GPS said we hiked 4.25 miles in around 2:45. great hike!