Vista Loop/Halifax/Red-Silver/Ridge Loop Trails to Bear Swamp Lake


This loop hike climbs to two panoramic viewpoints, Hawk Rock and Cactus Ledge, and circles Bear Swamp Lake.

4 hours
7.4 miles
Route Type:
Allowed on leash
Views, Waterfall
First Published:

Daniel Chazin
Trail Conference volunteers maintain trails in this park.
Trailhead GPS Coordinates
Driving Directions

Take N.J. Route 17 to U.S. Route 202 in Mahwah. Proceed south on Route 202 for two miles, then turn right into the Ramapo Valley County Reservation parking area.


The hike begins at a kiosk in the southwest corner of the parking area. Just ahead, you'll notice a triple-yellow blaze on a tree, which marks the start of the Vista Loop Trail. Follow the yellow blazes as they descend wooden steps, join a wide dirt road, and continue ahead to cross the Ramapo River on a steel truss bridge. In another 250 feet, the green-dot-on-orange-blazed River Trail begins on the left, but you should continue ahead on the wide dirt road, following the southern shore of Scarlet Oak Pond (formerly the site of a gravel quarry).

At the end of the pond, you’ll notice two sets of double yellow blazes on a tree, which mark the start of the loop. Continue ahead on the wide dirt road to follow the Vista Loop Trail in the counter-clockwise direction. In 200 feet, a triple-blue blaze marks the start of the Ridge Loop Trail, but you should turn right, continuing to follow the Vista Loop Trail. The trail heads north along a dirt road for 500 feet, paralleling the western shore of the pond, then turns left and crosses a wooden footbridge (ahead, the dirt road is the route of the silver-on-white-blazed Pond Loop Trail, which loops around the northern end of the pond).

The Vista Loop Trail now begins to climb on a moderately steep grade. After a short level stretch, followed by a brief climb over a rock outcrop, it arrives at Hawk Rock. This east-facing ledge offers an expansive view over much of Bergen County, with Ramapo College in the foreground on the left. Lake Henry is directly ahead, with Scarlet Oak Pond to the south (right).

The Vista Loop Trail now bends to the left and continues to ascend. After a steep, rocky climb, the trail levels off and soon emerges on an open rock ledge with a panoramic east-facing view. The view from this Cactus Ledge is even broader than that from Hawk Rock, with the New York City skyline visible on the horizon on a clear day. You’ll also notice several clumps of prickly pear cactus – the only native American cactus that grows east of the Rocky Mountains. You’ve climbed about 400 vertical feet to reach this spectacular viewpoint, so you’ll want to take a break here.

When you’re ready to continue, follow the yellow blazes as they turn right and reenter the woods at the southern end of the viewpoint. Soon, the Vista Loop Trail joins a wider footpath. A short distance ahead, you'll reach a junction. Here, a triple-green-on-white blaze marks the start of the Halifax Trail. Bear right and continue ahead on the Halifax Trail, which begins a gradual descent. It crosses the wide route of a gas pipeline diagonally to the right, reenters the woods, and continues to descend, crossing an eroded woods road along the way. At the base of the descent, the Halifax Trail turns left onto a woods road which traverses Havemeyer Hollow. You’re now about two miles from the start of the hike. Continue to follow the Halifax Trail along this relatively level road that goes up the valley, with Havemeyer Brook to the right.

In a quarter of a mile, you’ll reach a junction with the purple-blazed Havemeyer Trail. Proceed ahead on the Halifax Trail, crossing Havemeyer Brook on rocks (the brook crossing may be a little difficult after heavy rains.) A short distance ahead, you’ll notice terraced stone walls on the hillside to the right, indicating that the land was formerly devoted to agricultural use. Ruins of several old stone buildings may also be seen along the road (Map #115 designates this site as the “Halifax Ruins”). 

About a third of a mile beyond the brook crossing, the Halifax Trail turns left, leaving the woods road, and passes through a rocky area. It once again crosses the brook on rocks and turns right on a narrower woods road, continuing to ascend. The trail crosses a wide pipeline route in about half a mile. Then, in another third of a mile, after passing two woods roads which depart together to the right and once more crossing a gas pipeline, the Halifax Trail briefly joins Bear Swamp Road, which comes in from the left. Almost immediately, it turns right, leaves the road, and descends into the woods on a footpath. In about half a mile, after crossing a woods road, the trail bears slightly right to cross Bear Swamp Brook on a wooden bridge.

Just beyond the brook, you’ll reach a fork. Here, the Halifax Trail heads to the right, but you should take the left fork, now following the yellow-blazed Hoeferlin Memorial Trail, which begins here. In 500 feet, you’ll join the blue-blazed Shore Trail, which comes in from the left. The two trails run jointly for a short distance. When the yellow blazes depart to the right, stay to the left and continue to follow the blue blazes.

The blue-blazed Shore Trail heads south, soon crossing the main inlet stream of Bear Swamp Lake and continuing parallel to its western shore. You’ll pass through a rocky area with highbush blueberry bushes along the trail. After following the blue-blazed trail for about half a mile, you’ll cross another inlet stream and pass some evergreen trees. This area was once the site of the Bear Lake Club, a private summer-home community. All of the summer cottages were demolished when the state acquired the property in the 1970s, but many traces of these buildings remain, including two intact stone chimneys in former lakeside homesites to the left of the trail. You’ve now hiked for over four miles, and you might want to take a break at a rock ledge that overlooks the lake.

Just beyond, you’ll reach another fork in the trail. The Cannonball Trail (white C on red) begins here and takes the right fork, but you should bear left and continue to follow the blue-blazed Shore Trail, which crosses a footbridge over the outlet of the lake. The dam which formerly regulated the level of the lake has been breached, and the lake has dropped several feet as a result. This has led to the growth of water lilies and other vegetation, which now covers most of the lake.

On the opposite side of the bridge, the blue-blazed trail turns left onto the wide Bear Swamp Road, of which portions are paved. Follow the road along the eastern shore of the lake for about half a mile, passing more remnants of old homesites. At the next fork in the road, turn right, leaving the Shore Trail, and begin to follow the Red-Silver Trail. This trail, marked by red/silver blazes, immediately crosses a gas pipeline. About 300 feet beyond, follow the Red-Silver Trail as it bears right, leaving the woods road. Soon, the trail begins to descend on a rocky footpath, first rather steeply, then more gradually.

After crossing a stream, the Red-Silver Trail reaches a junction where the orange-blazed Schuber Trail begins on the right. Bear left to continue along the Red-Silver Trail, which follows a woods road. Soon, the Red-Silver Trail ends at a junction with the blue-blazed Ridge Loop Trail. Continue ahead along the road, now following the blue blazes of the Ridge Loop Trail. After crossing the red-blazed Marsh Loop Trail, you'll descend to the dam of the MacMillan Reservoir (visible on the left). Proceed ahead (downhill) on the Ridge Loop Trail. Soon, the yellow-blazed Vista Loop Trail joins from the left, but when the two trails diverge, bear left to stay on the blue-blazed Ridge Loop Trail.

The Ridge Loop Trail continues to descend, following the wide park road. On the way, you’ll reach a junction where the blue blazes head both left and right. Here, you should bear right and follow the descending route of the blue-blazed Ridge Loop Trail. Near the base of the descent, the Ridge Loop Trail curves to the right, and it soon ends at a junction with the yellow-blazed Vista Loop Trail. Proceed straight ahead on the Vista Loop Trail, which passes to the right of Scarlet Oak Pond, continues across the bridge over the Ramapo River, and ends at the parking area where the hike began.

Comment: Please be relevant, civil, non-commercial.

pipe line crossing

Was up there 11/16/2014 and the mess at the pipeline crossing at the top of Bear Swamp Road is nicely fixed up. Trees are planted and the huge dirt mounds are gone. Halifax crosses easily now.

Ilgenstein's Rock

we turned this hike into a trip to Ilgenstein's Rock, a spectacular viewpoint up above the lake on the Hoferlin Memorial trail. this added about a mile to the hike, but we still completed it in 4 hours. We followed the route as described, except at 3.6 miles we stuck on the yellow trail and followed it steeply up hill to the ridgeline. keep following the yellow trail until the white trail joins from the right, then follow the combined trails to the overlook. from there, keep with the white trail (to the south west) down to the cannonball where you turn left, then re-join the blue trail down by the lake. except for within a mile of the parking lot at each end, we didn't encounter a single soul the entire hike. great day!

There is now a marker

There is now a marker (temporary at best) on top of the dirt mound. It should make it a litle easier to find the trail. There is a big pipeline work site up the hill from the intersection. I was told by the people working there that they found a nest of rattle snakes. Be careful.

Nice hike, but as of Aug

Nice hike, but as of Aug 2013, there is construction right after the 3rd time you cross a pipeline (before the trail joins Bear Swamp Road).  It looks like this part shouldn't be made open to the public, but you have to climb over a mound of smelly dirt.  When you cross the construction site onto Bear Swamp Road, there may be a washout barrier that you need to climb over to continue to the green trail on the right.  It makes it a little difficult to spot the trail, but follow the directions above because it really is immediately to the right. Towards the last half of the hike as you approach the parking lot, you can go swimming at the dam.